UDL - Universal Design for Learning
Taken from the Universal Design in Architecture movement where spaces are designed to allow access for everyone, UDL is is a framework designed to make curriculum accessible for all students based upon three main principles of providing multiple means of representation, presentation and engagement. When designing lessons ask yourself, "How can I design my lessons to reach all of my students?" By using the UDL framework, you design your lessons to overcome possible barriers to learning. For example, students may have difficulty writing. Instead of just providing one way for students to present their knowledge, such as completing a worksheet with pencil and paper, provide a digital copy that students could type on or allow them to create a poster or audio recording to show their knowledge. Below is an overview of the 3 main principles.
- Provide Multiple Means of Representation
- make sure and present what you are teaching in multiple ways - for
example try to provide options for images and audio with text, text with
audio and video, and using manipulatives to show math concepts.
- Provide Multiple Means of Presentation.
Make sure and focus on the real goal and let students have choices on
how they demonstrate knowledge. Is the goal for a student to complete a
worksheet to show penmanship, or is it for a student to show knowledge
of a subject? Instead of filling out a worksheet, allow
students to create a multi-media presentation.
- Provide Multiple Means of Engagement. Consider providing choices and different ways to engage your students. Is their work meaningful to them? Did they get to be a part of deciding what they should learn and why?